Valvular heart defect

Heart valves regulate blood flow.

They include:
  • tricuspid and pulmonary valve on the right side of the heart
  • mitral and aortic valve on the left side of the heart

Heart valve disorders can arise from two main types of alterations or from their combination:
  • stenosis, when the valve orifice area becomes narrowed
  • regurgitation, when the valve do not close completely

Valve functions degenerations could be:
  • primitive, due to valvular structure alterations
  • secondary, due to ventricular dilatation or myocardial regional disfunction

The most common symptoms are:
  • breathlessness
  • arrhythmias
  • angina
  • weakness
  • pre-syncope and syncope
  • sudden death

Clinical manifestations depend on the course of the disease and could be:
  • slowly evolving, with a long asymptomatic period
  • sudden onset, with acute symptoms

Generally, heart valve diseases affect the elderly population and are potentially fatal.

Early diagnosis and timely therapeutic intervention can significantly improve the prognosis.

ProKardia, through a specialized team, offers an assistance aimed to ensure:
  • diagnosis
  • quantification and identification of valvulopathy mechanisms
  • formulate a therapeutic path based on risk stratification and multidisciplinary assessment in order to ensure a correct timing of interventions
  • prevention and management of possible complications in patients with valvulopathy

Reference: European Heart Journal (2017) 38, 2739–2791

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