Neurological examination is a specialist medical evaluation performed following the identification of symptoms and complaints that could indicate a neurological problem.
This visit aims to detect any pathologies or disorders affecting the central or peripheral nervous system in order to suggest a suitable therapeutic path for the treatment of the diagnosed problem.
The neurological examination has no contraindications.
The neurological examination has no risks.
The execution of this examination does not include preparation rules.
Please bring all your medications or a list of them with doses to your appointment.
The neurological examination includes an in-depth medical history,
which embraces the patient's clinical and pharmacological history and the clinical history of his family, focusing on the symptoms related to the problem for which the neurological consultation was requested.
This first phase is followed by a neurological test which may include the analysis of the mental state, of the symbolic functions (language, movements and recognition of sounds, objects and colours), of the cranial nerves, of the motor system and of the coordination of movements, of the sensory and autonomic functions (i.e. those of the nerve centers that control vital functions). For example, the doctor can evaluate the sense of balance and orientation, reflexes, the reaction of the eyes to visual stimuli and to vibrations on the skin.
The diagnostic process is completed with blood tests and/or more in-depth instrumental tests to ensure an optimal classification of the problem. In some situations, the neurologist extends the investigations to the closest family members.