Nephrological examination

Nephrological examination is a specialist medical evaluation performed following the identification of symptoms and complaints that could indicate a nephrological problem.
The disorders that can affect kidneys are of order:
  • glomerular/vascular , affecting kidneys functional units or associated vessels,
  • tubular/interstitial, affecting renal tubules and surrounding tissues,
  • mineral metabolism.
Heart and kidney are closely connected to each other and the pathologies of one can affect the functioning of the other and vice versa.

This visit aims to detect any pathologies or disorders affecting kidneys in order to suggest a suitable therapeutic path for the treatment of the diagnosed problem.
In general, contacting a nephrologist is useful when you are in the presence of:

  • hypertension not controlled by drugs,
  • acute or chronic renal failure,
  • presence of protein in urine,
  • presence of blood in urine,
  • chronic or repeated urinary tract infections,
  • recurrent kidney stones,
  • kidney cysts,
  • tumours of the kidneys or urinary tract.

The nephrological examination has no contraindications.

The nephrological examination has no risks.

The execution of this examination does not include preparation rules.
Please bring all your medications or a list of them with doses to your appointment.

The nephrologist first of all takes care of conducting an accurate anamnesis, inquiring about patient's medical and family history. In a second phase, he proceeds to a complete clinical examination. Additional tests he may order include:

  • blood test,
  • urinal analysis,
  • biopsies,
  • renal ultrasound,
  • X-rays.

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